The fundamental pillars of this religion are the cult of ancestors or “eguns” and animist beliefs that say that all the elements of nature are animated by spirits. It is a monotheistic religion that recognizes a single god who created everything even if it has polytheistic practices.
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In the initiation of the Guerreros or Warriors, you actually receive several Orishas: Echu Elegguá, Ogún, Ochossi and Osun.They live by your front door and will need to be taken care of every Monday as well as whenever they ask for something via divination. As your knowledge deepens in the religion, the more you will be able to work with these Orishas. Over time, you will be taught how to give obí or coconut to your Guerreros to ask them simple yes or no questions.
While the power of the Orishas is legendary, one doesn’t become initiated for power or for money. Instead initiations in Santeria help the person to move forward in their lives, often in specific ways and impart the aché or spiritual power of the Orishas into your life. There are a number of levels of initiation, and the knowledge you gain deepens as well as the commitment expected of you by the Orishas and your Godparents.
Osha Ifa Rules for Santeros; the divine sayings from the letters (signs) of the Dilogún as well as those from the Odun of Ifa; the Ethics Code of such Odun and the Moral Commandments of Ika Fun Odun of Ifa are strongly related to a solid tradition and experience based on religious practice of Olosha, Babalosha, Iyalosha, Oluwo Osain, Oba or Oriate Babalawo and Oluo.